Higher Education

The education system in Ukraine



  The Ministry of Education is the central agency that administers the Ukrainian education system. The Ministry is responsible for educational planning, forecasting and regulatory network of educational institutions. In addition, the ministry has a direct control over the design and content of official programs at all levels of the country's education system.

  The administration of the education system is also carried out at local level by the competent authorities appointed by the ministry. Local councils of people's deputies (PDLC) are responsible for the funding of schools by combining funds from local sources and funds from the national government. The Republic of Crimea has its own Department of Education.

  Pre-schools, general education and other institutions under the control of PDLC schools are funded through local budgets. Post-secondary schools and higher education, vocational training institutions and other state institutions, are funded by the state budget. State institutions may also have other sources of funding such as revenue from research, commercial activities, grants and educational activities.



  10.75 million students and about students enrolled in Ukrainian institutions at all levels.



  Elementary and secondary education is provided for general education in basic schools. Elementary education lasts four years (1 st - 4 th year).Compulsory education ends in the context of basic secondary schools (5 th- 9 th year). Students high school graduates have the basic ability to continue their studies in upper secondary schools (10 th - 11 th grade),professional trade schools, technical schools or vocational schools.


Post-secondary and higher education is organized according to four levels of certification: Level (I), specialization programs from which the period of compulsory study does not exceed three years level (II) programs that lead to bachelor and whose duration is normally four years level (III) programs leading to academic degrees and specialist whose duration of study is required from year to year and a half beyond obtaining the baccalaureate level and (IV) programs leading to the Master and the duration of compulsory supplementary study is at least one year beyond the baccalaureate. At the second and third cycle, the duration of study required to obtain a doctoral degree is usually between three and four years.



  The private schools enroll approximately 1% of students whose age is between 15 and 17 years and about 7% of students in higher education.Obtaining a license is required in order to operate a private school, it must then be followed by a full license for the operation becomes final.



  The school year lasts from September to June




Teachers of pre-elementary and elementary schools are trained in the training programs of teachers in higher education institutions whose accreditation is Level I-II, leading to qualifications core specialization or bachelor. The secondary school teachers are trained in teacher training programs as part of higher education whose approval is level III-IV and lead to bachelor's degrees or diplomas specialist institution.


Teacher training takes place at 12 universities, two pedagogical universities, 27 educational institutions, 4 colleges, 48 teacher training colleges and 5 technical and industrial training institutes.



The basis of higher education in Ukraine is made up of universities, academies, economic and medical polytechnics, agricultural, educational, legal,. The sphere of higher education in Ukraine governs nearly 1,000 colleges.

The superior general school of Ukraine is Kiev National University named Taras Shevchenko.

  In Ukraine there is a branched network of research institutions, chaired by the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Ukrainian scientists have enriched world science fundamental workings, inventions and openings in mathematics, physics, chemistry, and biology. In particular, we do a lot for the development of the technique of rockets, astronautics, gas and hydrodynamics, computer equipment, computers, electric welding, metallurgy, medicine, uses of atomic energy.


I-              Organization of higher education


- Institutions of higher education

  The Ukrainian higher education includes 854 locations and more than 1000 subsidiaries of these institutions in other cities. There are, among them, 349 establishments including 243 grade 3-4 public schools (228 state institutions and 15 municipal schools), including 113 are    status            "National" label awarded by presidential decree. 20 of the 30 traditional universities have this status.

  The MESJS (Ministry of Education and Science, Youth and Sports) has responsibility for the majority of these institutions.  

In parallel to the public education system has developed an alternative higher education system taught in private institutions: 106 private schools grade 3-4 and offer training

Higher, mainly in management, marketing, international law and finance.

- Student Population

  There were in 2010-2011,   2.49 million students in public and private higher education system, which breaks down as follows:

- 2.13 million students in institutions of levels 3 and 4 of which 1.25 million students day ("ochni"), 874 000 by mail ("zaochni") and 6000 enrolled in evening classes;

- 361,500 students in institutions of Levels 1 and 2 with 303 000 day, 56,000 by 3000 and correspondence enrolled in evening classes.

This high number (544 students per 10 000 - 2nd place in the world after Japan) is explained partly by the fact that nearly 40% of students take courses by correspondence and also by a phenomenon of overvaluation degrees.

392,000 new students entered the university in September 2010.


II-             Exemptions and teachings organization studies


Location of the LMD

The LMD corresponds to Ukraine / nomenclature Bakalavr Magistratura (or Spetsialist) / Kandidatura.

Note however that:

- The duration of the first cycle is 4 years

- For a number of formations relatives of intermediate levels between the higher technician and engineer, specialist of the diploma (bac + 5-5.5), which should disappear, always coexists

with the Magistr (bac + 5.5-6)

- There is also a degree of junior specialist ("molodchyy Spetsialist") riding on the secondary and tertiary levels and corresponding to a diploma of superior formation called "incomplete"

equivalent to a BAC 2-3 comparable to a BTS

- The duration of the second cycle varies from one University to another 1 to 2 years.

  - Ukraine and the Bologna process

Ukraine joined in 2005, the Sorbonne / Bologna. Institutions are gradually moving towards a cut in 3 levels.

Ukraine ranked fifth highest number of patents registered in 2007 invention, according to the Education of the World Bank Annual Report. 

In addition to the Russian higher education institutions that have maintained close relations with the Ukrainian institutions, German and Polish institutions seem more present in Ukraine supported by very active government policies. Germany proposes, via the DAAD, hundreds of scholarships per year for stays of study or research. Poland also provides hundreds of scholarships each year and hosted nearly 2,900 Ukrainian students in 2008. Both countries have also developed in Ukraine, a dense network of readers (compared to that of France, which is still pretty good position with a steady increase in the flow of students since 2005).

The correct positioning of the United States is explained both by the general attractiveness of the United States, the activity of the Fulbright program (one of the few also allow a U.S. teachers to come and teach in Ukraine) that working for 20 years in Ukraine and the importance of the Ukrainian diaspora in the United States.

Note also the correct positioning of the neighboring countries of Ukraine (in addition to Poland, the Czech Republic and Hungary).

Another interesting indicator, at the very least at European level among nine projects Tempus recommended with Ukraine in 2011 (a total of 63 projects), Spain, Great Britain are positioned on four projects, France, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden were 3 (but France no coordinates projects in which they participate). This indicator is relative, however, because it often shows more professionalism in the institutions of European projects that interest in the country.

16 UNESCO data, combined ranking from the most recent figures available 11/14








Educational and vocational guidance is a particularly important issue today, as it strongly determines the chances of successful professional integration into the increasingly difficult job market.
Orientation begins at the School by professionals from the School and Professional Orientation, Counseling Psychologist in the High Schools, Higher Education.
But the child encounters two major periods in his school orientation.  
1) The choice of his series in high school
2) The choice of specialty in higher education
The choice of his series at the Lycée
It automatically defines the specialties to which the student could aspire to graduate studies.
But the difficulty in choosing the study series is that of making a choice that after the BAC will not lock up the future student in a reduced field of possibility of training and even disqualify him completely in case of sudden change of objective according to the world of work.  
This period requires extreme vigilance of the parents. Our role is to show parents, students and students the need for guidance by helping them to do so. time  so as not to fall victim to the surprises of the wrong orientation.
The choice of specialty in higher education
But the difficulty in choosing the study series is that of making a choice that after the BAC will not lock up the future student in a reduced field of possibility of training and even disqualify him completely in case of sudden change of objective according to the world of work.  
This period requires extreme vigilance of the parents.  
Our role is to show parents, students and
students the need for guidance by helping them to do this time   so as not to be disappointed by the surprises of the wrong orientation.